The Center for Health Sciences (CCS) develops activities within several UFRJ campuses. It consists of 24 Academic Units and Supplementary bodies, 5 Schools, 13 institutes (six of them with hospital care), 3 nuclei and 4 hospitals. 

Its high scientific quality can be proven by its constant presence in the CAPES Thesis Award with two theses awarded in 2012, and four winning works in the 2011 edition. Among the 90 Graduate Programs offered at UFRJ, a third are CCS's programs, an outcome that reflects the excellence of researchers working in the 30 Graduate stricto sensu programs, being 27 of them, Doctoral.
During 2013, 63% of these researches got mark 5, 6, and 7 in the CAPES evaluation system, in fact, this placed CCS as the Center which most contributed to UFRJ's excellence in scientific production, training highly qualified professionals in the health and biotechnology fields.

These grades were also a consequence of constant investment in the quality of its infrastructure. The CCS has 453 national reference laboratories researching, neuroscience; regenerative therapies; stem cells; developmental biology; endocrine, heart and kidney physiology; environmental and parasitic microbiology; genome; ecology and public health. The CENABIO Laboratory is the highlight with its 9.7 Tesla Nuclear Magnetic Resonance device, the only one installed in a federal university within the country.
CCS's Deanery also excels in promoting cultural and environmental activities like Cultura & Arte (Art & Culture) and Recicla CCS (Recycle CCS) projects, contributing to knowledge, science, and technology dissemination, in order to improve the quality of life of the whole society.